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Brussels Griffon


AKC Height:

7-10 inches

AKC Weight:

8-10 pounds


Red: reddish brown with a little black at the whiskers and chin; Belge: black and reddish brown mixed, usually with black mask and whiskers; Black and Tan: black with uniform reddish brown markings, appearing under the chin, on the legs, above each eye, around the edges of the ears and around the vent; Black: solid black.

Life Expectancy:

12-15 years


Toy Group

Brussels Griffon: The Charming and Expressive Toy Companion

Welcome to the detailed guide on the Brussels Griffon, a breed cherished for its unique facial expressions and endearing personality. This page explores the captivating world of the Brussels Griffon, a small toy breed known for its big heart and distinctive appearance.

Physical Characteristics

  • Distinctive Face: Brussels Griffons are known for their human-like expressions, characterized by a short, upturned nose and large, expressive eyes.
  • Compact Size: They are a small breed, making them ideal companions for apartment living or smaller homes.

Temperament and Personality Brussels Griffons are lively, intelligent, and affectionate. They form strong attachments to their owners and are known for their sensitive nature. Their size belies their confident demeanor, and they often carry themselves with a self-important air.

Training and Exercise Needs

  • Training: They are smart and can be trained effectively using positive reinforcement methods. Early socialization is important to develop well-rounded behavior.
  • Exercise: Moderate exercise like daily walks and play sessions are sufficient for their physical well-being.
  • Mental Stimulation: Interactive toys and games can provide necessary mental stimulation for this intelligent breed.

Health and Nutrition

  • Diet: A balanced diet suitable for small breeds is crucial. Regular consultations with a veterinarian can help maintain their health.
  • Common Health Issues: Brussels Griffons can be prone to specific health issues, including respiratory problems due to their brachycephalic nature. Regular health check-ups are important.

Grooming and Care

  • Coat Maintenance: Depending on whether they have a smooth or rough coat, grooming requirements vary. Regular brushing and professional grooming help maintain their distinctive look.
  • General Care: Special attention should be given to their dental health, as well as routine care like nail trimming and ear cleaning.

Living with a Brussels Griffon

  • Family Compatibility: They are well-suited to families and individuals, known for their loyalty and affectionate nature.
  • Adaptability: Their small size makes them adaptable to various living situations, including urban environments.
  • Companionship: They thrive on human interaction and prefer being in the company of their owners, making them ideal lap dogs.

Responsible Ownership and Adoption

  • Selecting a Breeder: Choose breeders who prioritize health and temperament, and who offer health clearances for their puppies.
  • Adoption Options: Considering adoption from shelters or breed-specific rescues is a great way to provide a loving home to a Brussels Griffon in need.

Conclusion The Brussels Griffon, with its charming character and expressive face, is a delightful companion for those seeking a small, affectionate, and loyal pet. Their engaging personality and manageable size make them a popular choice among city dwellers and those with limited space.


Brussels Griffon make good pets for smaller-sized homes and apartments if they are given plenty of exercise. Smooth-coated dogs need weekly brushing and occasional bathing. Rough-coated dogs need bi-weekly brushing and occasional bathing, trimming or stripping.


Brussels Griffon are generally happy, alert and friendly, but they may be reserved with strangers. They are best with older children. Brussels Griffon will bark when someone comes to the door, but they are not aggressive.

Brussels Griffon Housebreaking

Housebreaking the Brussels Griffon requires consistency on your part. Dogs are creatures of habit, and knowing the tips and tricks of training will make the process so much easier and less stressful.

Puppy Housebreaking     Adult Marking & Retraining

Find a Puppy: Brussels Griffon

If you are looking for a puppy or adult dog, please read our important information on choosing a puppy from a breeder and adopting a dog from a rescue. There are good dog breeders and good dog rescues and there are bad dog breeders and bad dog rescues. Our information will help you to make an informed decision and will give you tips on what to look for and what to avoid.

Pet shops are not the best place to look for a puppy. Dogs from pet shops often come from puppy mills, and puppy mill dogs are often kept in unhealthy conditions. The best way to end puppy mills is to rescue or buy from reputable sources.


The Brussels Griffon should only be fed high-quality dog food targeted toward the dog’s age, whether puppy, adult, or senior. Avoid cooked bones and food with high fat content. Talk to your veterinarian if you have concerns about your dog’s weight.


The Brussels Griffon is extremely eager to please their owners. At the very least, these dogs can benefit from learning basic commands, like sit, come, and stay. Because this breed is highly intelligent and easily bored, it is important to give them multiple challenging toys to keep this breed occupied.


(Click here for Health Dictionary)
Watch for hereditary eye problems.