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Bichon Frise


AKC Height:

9.5-11.5 inches

AKC Weight:

12-18 pounds


Color is white and may have shadings of buff, cream or apricot around the ears or on the body. Any color in excess of 10% of the entire coat of a mature specimen is a fault and should be penalized, but color of the accepted shadings should not be faulted in puppies.

Life Expectancy:

14-15 years


Non-Sporting Group

Bichon Frise: The Cheerful and Charming Companion

Welcome to the comprehensive guide on the Bichon Frise, a breed beloved for its playful demeanor and distinctive fluffy coat. This page explores the delightful world of the Bichon Frise, a small breed known for its affectionate nature and hypoallergenic fur.

Physical Characteristics

  • Distinctive Fluffy Coat: The Bichon Frise is renowned for its soft, curly white coat, which gives it a plush, toy-like appearance.
  • Compact Size: As a small breed, they are adaptable to various living environments, making them ideal for apartment living or homes with limited space.

Temperament and Personality Bichon Frises are known for their cheerful and friendly nature. They are playful and affectionate, thriving on human companionship. Their gentle disposition makes them great pets for families and individuals alike.

Training and Exercise Needs

  • Training: They are intelligent and generally responsive to training. Consistency and positive reinforcement methods work well with this breed.
  • Exercise: Moderate exercise like daily walks and play sessions are sufficient to keep them happy and healthy.
  • Mental Stimulation: Mental engagement through interactive toys and training exercises is important for their well-being.

Health and Nutrition

  • Diet: A balanced diet appropriate for small breeds is crucial. Regular vet check-ups can help maintain their dietary health.
  • Common Health Issues: Generally a healthy breed, they can be prone to certain conditions like allergies and dental issues. Regular veterinary care is important.

Grooming and Care

  • Coat Maintenance: Their beautiful coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and to keep it in good condition. Professional grooming is often necessary to maintain their distinctive look.
  • General Care: Routine health care practices such as dental hygiene, nail trimming, and ear cleaning are essential.

Living with a Bichon Frise

  • Family Life: They are great with children and other pets, known for their playful and gentle nature.
  • Adaptability: Bichon Frises adapt well to different lifestyles, whether it’s a quiet household or a more active one.
  • Companionship: They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on being part of family activities.

Responsible Ownership and Adoption

  • Choosing a Breeder: Select breeders who prioritize health and temperament, and who can provide health clearances for the puppies.
  • Adoption Options: Consider adopting from shelters or breed-specific rescues to provide a loving home to a Bichon Frise in need.

Conclusion The Bichon Frise, with its endearing personality and charming appearance, is a wonderful choice for those seeking a small, affectionate, and lively canine companion. Their adaptability and joyful demeanor make them a delightful addition to any home.


Bichons require at least weekly brushing, with bathing and trimming every six weeks. Shedding is minor.


Bichon Frise dogs are happy, playful and make good family dogs. They get along well with children. They will bark if a stranger comes to the door, but they are not aggressive watchdogs. Some people who are allergic to dogs aren’t allergic to Bichons.

Bichon Frise Housebreaking

Housebreaking the Bichon Frise requires consistency on your part. Dogs are creatures of habit, and knowing the tips and tricks of training will make the process so much easier and less stressful.

Puppy Housebreaking     Adult Marking & Retraining

Find a Puppy: Bichon Frise

If you are looking for a puppy or adult dog, please read our important information on choosing a puppy from a breeder and adopting a dog from a rescue. There are good dog breeders and good dog rescues and there are bad dog breeders and bad dog rescues. Our information will help you to make an informed decision and will give you tips on what to look for and what to avoid.

Pet shops are not the best place to look for a puppy. Dogs from pet shops often come from puppy mills, and puppy mill dogs are often kept in unhealthy conditions. The best way to end puppy mills is to rescue or buy from reputable sources.


The Bichon Frise should only be fed high-quality dog food targeted toward the dog’s age, whether puppy, adult, or senior. Avoid cooked bones and food with high fat content. Talk to your veterinarian if you have concerns about your dog’s weight.


The Bichon Frise is extremely eager to please their owners. At the very least, these dogs can benefit from learning basic commands, like sit, come, and stay. Because this breed is highly intelligent and easily bored, it is important to give them multiple challenging toys to keep this breed occupied.


(Click here for Health Dictionary)
Watch for: Allergies, Bladder Infections/Stones, Patellar Luxation, Ear Infections, and Inherited Eye Diseases.