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AKC Height:

5-8 inches

AKC Weight:

Not exceeding 6 pounds


Any color - solid, marked or splashed.

Life Expectancy:

14-16 years


Toy Group

Chihuahua: The Tiny Companion with a Big Personality

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the Chihuahua, a breed famous for its diminutive size and lively character. This page delves into the world of the Chihuahua, a tiny dog with a big personality, beloved for its loyalty and charm.


AKC Height: 5-8 inches

AKC Weight: Not exceeding 6 pounds

Colors: Any color – solid, marked or splashed.

Life Expectancy: 14-16 years

Group: Toy Group

Physical Characteristics

  • Compact and Delicate Structure: Chihuahuas are one of the smallest dog breeds, known for their petite frame and expressive eyes. They can have either a smooth or long coat, in a variety of colors and patterns.
  • Unique Features: They have a distinctive apple-shaped head and large, upright ears, adding to their endearing appearance.

Temperament and Personality Chihuahuas are known for their bold and confident personality. Despite their small size, they often have a feisty and spirited demeanor. They are fiercely loyal to their owners, making them excellent, albeit tiny, watchdogs.

Training and Exercise Needs

  • Training: They respond well to positive reinforcement training. Early socialization is key to preventing a ‘small dog syndrome’ and ensuring well-rounded behavior.
  • Exercise: Moderate exercise, like short walks and play sessions, is sufficient for their small bodies.
  • Mental Stimulation: Engaging activities and toys are important to keep their active minds occupied.

Health and Nutrition

  • Diet: A balanced diet suitable for small breed dogs is crucial. Their small size means they can be prone to obesity, so careful monitoring of their food intake is important.
  • Common Health Issues: Chihuahuas are generally healthy but can be susceptible to specific health issues like dental problems and patellar luxation. Regular veterinary care is essential.

Grooming and Care

  • Coat Maintenance: Depending on their coat type, grooming needs vary. Regular brushing is essential, particularly for long-coated varieties.
  • General Care: Due to their small size, special attention should be given to their physical care and protection from harsh weather.

Living with a Chihuahua

  • Family Compatibility: They are best suited to families with older children or singles. They tend to bond closely with one person.
  • Adaptability: Their small size makes them perfect for apartment living and urban environments.
  • Companionship: Chihuahuas crave attention and affection, preferring to be a constant companion to their favorite person.

Responsible Ownership and Adoption

  • Selecting a Breeder: It’s important to choose a reputable breeder who focuses on health and temperament.
  • Adoption Options: Adopting a Chihuahua from shelters or breed-specific rescues is a rewarding way to offer a forever home to a dog in need.

Conclusion The Chihuahua, with its compact size and outsized personality, is a delightful companion, offering loyalty and affection in a tiny package. Their spirited character and adaptability make them a popular choice among dog lovers who want a small but lively companion.


The Chihuahua is a true lap dog, and will do well in a small-sized home or apartment. Weekly brushing is enough to control moderate shedding.


Chihuahuas have an alert, active, happy temperament. They are loyal and devoted to their family, and they can be quite protective of their owners. Due to their small size, Chihuahuas do best with older children.

Chihuahua Housebreaking

Housebreaking the Chihuahua requires consistency on your part. Dogs are creatures of habit, and knowing the tips and tricks of training will make the process so much easier and less stressful.

Puppy Housebreaking     Adult Marking & Retraining

Find a Puppy: Chihuahua

If you are looking for a puppy or adult dog, please read our important information on choosing a puppy from a breeder and adopting a dog from a rescue. There are good dog breeders and good dog rescues and there are bad dog breeders and bad dog rescues. Our information will help you to make an informed decision and will give you tips on what to look for and what to avoid.

Pet shops are not the best place to look for a puppy. Dogs from pet shops often come from puppy mills, and puppy mill dogs are often kept in unhealthy conditions. The best way to end puppy mills is to rescue or buy from reputable sources.


The Chihuahua should only be fed high-quality dog food targeted toward the dog’s age, whether puppy, adult, or senior. Avoid cooked bones and food with high fat content. Talk to your veterinarian if you have concerns about your dog’s weight.


is a loving and energetic breed, though they can oftentimes be stubborn. When training this breed, remember that firm leadership and consistency is key.


(Click here for Health Dictionary)
Watch for luxated patellar, Hypoglycemia, Open Fontanel.